The Energy and Environmental Sustainability Solutions for Megacities (E2S2) project is a major collaboration between Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) and National University of Singapore (NUS). Supported by the Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) and hosted under NUS Environmental Research Institute (NERI), it seeks to study sustainable solutions for problems targeted at already-stressed megacities. It also aims to develop a platform to facilitate the understanding, design, and implementation of infrastructure and sustainability solutions for future cities, and serve as inputs for strategic policy making and near real-time environmental monitoring and response for coupled problems in future cities.

Starting off with two sites of different sizes and complexities, in this case, a megacity like Shanghai and a land-scarce city like Singapore, the E2S2 project proposes to develop capabilities needed in solving coupled problems characteristic of complex city systems. These include sensing, modelling, data mining, systems modelling, carefully designed test bedding systems and adaption, and scalability of coupled solutions to a variety of environments. This will then allow us to adapt the solutions to other cities with different complexities and sizes based on a calibrated modelling platform and subsequent smaller-scale test-bedding.

The E2S2 project consists of two phases:

Phase I: August 2012 – March 2018
Phase II: August 2018 – 2023 (Ongoing)